There are many great books about typography, but don't worry if you don't have the time or resources to read them all. Pop Chart Lab put together an amazing infographic that contains all the basic information to begin your journey with fonts.
The infographic is called the Alphabet of Typography and offers a great deal of knowledge packaged in a beautiful and easy to understand way. Based on the idea of an alphabet, the infographic highlights all the essential aspects of typography, including letter construction, printing processes, and layout. If you'd like to hang the Alphabet of Typography on your wall as a permanent reminder about the way letters are designed and printed, head over to Pop Chart Lab's website and order a one-of-a-kind signed poster for just $30.
A zoomed-in version is available here.